Oil-rig safety courses are always included in basic oilfield/petroleum drilling training programs that have been designed primarily for entry-level workers. Safety training in these courses can be provided by dedicated safety organizations or companies (such as ENFORM in Canada), or by the oilfield training school itself if it has qualified safety instructors and an accredited safety training program. H2S Alive and Basic First Aid are the most common safety courses that are included in entry-level oilfield-drilling training programs. Specialized or advanced health and safety courses are also available for safety officers and managers at the dedicated safety training organizations and companies and at some of the larger oilfield training centers. By law or by convention, training institutions are registered at or are accredited by a government regulatory agency. Some non-profit organizations also provide or sponsor oilfield drilling and/or safety programs on their own initiative or on behalf of private or government sponsors.
A wide variety of safety training resources and options are available for individual learners and for companies that are seeking to provide customized training sessions for groups of employees. There are also companies that provide direct safety management services, safety program development and safety engineering consultancy services, safety manual design services, hazardous materials inventory and documentation services, and so on. Class-based safety courses typically take about 2 weeks or more, depending upon the scope or the number of procedures covered by the course.
There are also equipment vendors, service companies, and industrial manufacturers that provide specialized operational familiarization courses for their products that also often include safety best-practices training that is specific to a particular product or service.
Another relatively recent innovation are interactive Internet- or computer-based tutorials that utilize computer animation, recorded videos, and menu-based course navigation and testing systems. These courses are more affordable and more convenient to take than the class-based, “live” courses, but their main drawback is the lack of hands-on practice on equipment handling and on the performance of actual safety procedures (such as operating a real fire extinguisher or providing mock first aid on a real person). Online, interactive, multi-participant, 3-dimensional training simulations have also become available that allow Internet-connected participants from anywhere in the world to simultaneously participate in a 3D-graphics-based safety training session in real time. These products are very similar to multi-player online role-playing games (MORPGs) except for the highly accurate representations of actual earth environments, human models, and engineering structures, and the use of a highly realistic physics engine that closely simulate the effects/interplay of actual physical phenomena (such as the effect of wind moving at a certain speed and direction on the spread or dispersion of a flammable vapor). Virtual training with the use of computers and the Internet has the advantages of low cost, high repeatability, and low (zero) safety risk for real people and equipment compared to actual hands-on training. These software include simulations of hazards assessment, hazards abatement, application of administrative controls, etc.